Ken Aligata of the Connecticut Community for Addiction Recovery ran through an inspection of a sober living home in the quiet, picturesque neighborhood of Clinton, Connecticut. Seven people with addiction who are in recovery currently live there, and Aligata wants to make sure it’s a safe environment.
“Everything’s squeaky clean. There’s no drippy faucets. There’s no mold,” Aligata said, going through his checklist as he looked through one of the house’s bathrooms.
When someone who is addicted to drugs or alcohol is discharged from rehab, they’ll sometimes pay to live in a privately-owned sober living home like this one, Right Path House. But private sober houses aren’t regulated by the state, and experts in the field say some houses don’t enforce their own sobriety rules -- which can jeopardize the safety of the people that live there and the neighborhood the house is in.
So Aligata is working to train and certify sober house owners across the state through a voluntary program. He wants to compile an online database of certified sober houses that he hopes will make it easier for people with addiction to find a place to continue their recovery after rehab.
The inspection in Clinton went well. The house was spotless. Scented candles burned in the kitchen, and artwork made by residents hung on the living room walls.
Lisa Ferguson, who runs Right Path House, also lives there in recovery. She opened the house a year ago in part with the hope that her niece -- who was also struggling with addiction -- would live there.
“Unfortunately, she didn’t make it,” Ferguson said. “She died January 4th of this year. And I tried to get her in this house. Because that would have turned things around.”
Ferguson said her niece, who died from liver failure at the age of 27, might have qualified for a transplant if she had lived in a sober house. But she relapsed after leaving rehab.
Ferguson now wants to give other people with addiction a safe, supportive environment for recovery. And the residents here, Ferguson said, are required to stay sober. If they relapse, they have to leave the house and go back to rehab.
“You didn’t get in your bad situation in 28 days, it took you a long time to get there,” Ferguson said. “So it’s going to take you a long time to learn the life skills to get out of it.”
Some research shows that people with addiction in recovery who live in sober houses are less likely to start using drugs again.
There are also state-funded and regulated recovery houses where people with addiction can live -- but it can be harder to get into these programs, so many recovering people with addiction opt for privately-owned homes, which are unregulated.
The problem is, experts say, that many privately-owned houses don’t always enforce sobriety rules. And that puts other residents at risk for relapse, and many times fatal overdose.
At Right Path House, Ferguson, a former schoolteacher, includes meditation, yoga, and art sessions in her residents' daily schedule. But the extensive care comes with a price tag of up to $6,000 a month. There are cheaper houses to live in, but some have been found to be unsanitary, and overcrowded.
Not far away in New London, Jack Malone of the Southeastern Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence oversees operation of two state-regulated halfway houses. He said many privately-owned houses in the city are just in it for the money.
“If someone is charging $140 a week for a room -- they do not care about your sobriety and your well-being,” Malone said. "They’re in the business to make money. I get it. I understand it. But you can’t be saying -- well, I’m going to have a house for sober people -- because what that engenders is real bad behavior. This is a chronically relapsing disease.”
Federal law prevents towns from passing ordinances that limit people with addiction from finding housing. And often, the only way city officials can keep track of privately-owned sober houses is through fire and police reports.
The city of New London wants to tackle what they call the “wild west” of sober houses by bringing in Ken Aligata’s voluntary training and certification program. New London officials say they were the first city in Connecticut to do so.
But so far, only two sober house owners have expressed interest in the program, and there are at least 30 known houses in the city, officials said.
New London Mayor Michael Passero said the city can intervene if they find that fire and building codes are being broken at a sober house. "But we have no legal mechanism to regulate the use of this building for the recovery purpose," Passero said.
There have been recent attempts in the state legislature to regulate sober houses, stemming from concerns that poorly-managed houses put the surrounding community at risk.
Aligata said part of a sober house’s success hinges on alerting the community from the beginning that they’re going to be a good neighbor.
“We want you to know that we’re going to open this house soon,” Aligata said. “And we’re going to have an open house with cookies and milk, and we want you to come down... And see what the recovery house is and how it operates, and all the support it has for its clients.”
Aligata is now working to certify about fifty homes across Connecticut. He estimates there are well over 200 sober houses across the state.
Demand for sober house beds is still high as the state’s opioid crisis rages on. When Right Path House opened last year in Clinton -- the surrounding community not only was supportive, but two neighbors, silently battling addiction just a few doors down, requested to move in.
WNPR’s Opioid Addiction Crisis Reporting Initiative is supported by Hartford HealthCare Behavioral Health Network’s MATCH Program.